Amazing Geological Wonders
Forces of Nature
Guests see, hear and feel the power of volcanoes, earthquakes and geothermal energy.
Iceland is so volcanically active that researchers typically speak about “volcanic systems” rather than individual volcanoes. The island has 30 active volcanic systems, each with many types of volcanoes.
The rocky shell of our planet, known as the crust, is broken and cracked into huge tectonic plates. These plates float on a sea of viscous molten rock. They carry entire continents. on slow, drifting paths around the planet.
There are three main forms of earthquakes, depending on the plate movements that occur beneath the Earth's surface. Earthquakes can occur on a convergent boundary, divergent boundary or a transform fault. Iceland has both transform and divergent boundaries.
Geothermal areas are traditionally divided into high- and low-temperature groups. Low-temperature areas are good for heating homes, greenhouses and swimming pools. High-temperature areas are better for large-scale power generation.
Augmented Reality Entertainment
Go on a cinematic underwater journey around Iceland. You meet tiny algae, giant whales and everything in between. Interactive experience mixed with captivating information makes this exhibit both fun and educational.
Explore the Magnificent Ice Cave
Glaciers and Ice Cave
Real Ice Cave
The Ice Cave is the first of its kind in the world. It is 100 meters long, built with over 350 tons of snow from the Icelandic Mountains. As guests wander through the Ice Cave, they experience a glacial environment in a safe and informative way.
A dramatic interactive exhibition provides insight into Icelandic glaciers, their bleak future and the effects of global warming. Guests learn about Iceland’s glaciers, their effect on the land and what will happen if, or when, they disappear. Guests are also introduced to the unusual lifeforms that live on glaciers.
Water is the foundation of life
The Water in Icelandic Nature
Exhibition by the Icelandic Museum of Natural History on freshwater, one of Iceland’s richest and most characteristic feature in nature.
The exhibition provides a novel and holistic insight into this vital resource – our valuable freshwater, its secrets, and importance for a sustainable future.