Wonders of Iceland

Spot the black-headed gull: The smallest seagull in Iceland

The black-headed gull (formerly Larus ridibundus, now known as Chroicocephalus ridibundus) belongs to the gull family (Laridae) and the genus Chroicocephalus. Gulls in this genus are small to medium-sized most of them having a distinguished hood on the head. These species were previously placed in the Larus genus, which includes the real gulls. The black-headed gull is …

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Spot the Black guillemot in Iceland: peaceful & beautiful

The Black guillemot (Cepphus grylle) belongs to the Alcid family (Alcidae) along with the puffin (Fratercula arctica), the common murre (Uria aalge), the thick-billed murre (Uria lomvia), the razorbill (Alca torda) and the rare little auk (Alle alle). The Black guillemot is an arctic bird species that occupies many areas of the coastline in the …

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Spot the Common Eider: Iceland’s most valuable bird

The Common Eider (Somateria mollissima borealis) is a large seaduck of the Merginae family. The Eider is one of few Anatidae that occupy the marine environment in Iceland all year round and thus shares many characteristics with seabirds rather than ducks. For instance, Eiders have salt glands like Alcids and gulls to excrete salt when …

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Spot the white-tailed eagle in Iceland: The king of Icelandic birds

The white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) is often called the king of Icelandic birds due to its magnificence. A full-grown eagle is a graceful sight. The Icelandic eagle belongs to the hawk family (Accipitridae) and is the only member of this family in Iceland. The rise and fall of the Icelandic eagle The white-tailed eagle is …

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